Afghanistan is the most dangerous country for Christians, according to an annual list put together by the Christian watchdog group Open Doors. It is the first time in two decades that North Korea has not been at the top of the list.

Open Doors said the Taliban’s takeover of the Afghan Government in mid-August forced many Afghan Christians - most of whom are converts from Islam - to go into hiding.

“This proved a game-changer not only for women and ethnic minorities, but also for religious minorities, including Christian converts, who are seen as apostates,” said the organisation’s annual report, released on Wednesday. “With the Taliban’s grip on power growing stronger and reaching into more and more districts, the situation for Christian converts is becoming increasingly challenging.”

World Watch List map 2022

A map of the Open Doors 2022 World Watch List. MAP: Courtesy of Open Doors

Overall, no new countries appeared in Open Doors’ top 10 most dangerous countries for Christians. Afghanistan was second on the list last year.

North Korea is now listed second, though its persecution score increased slightly, based in part on a rise in the arrests of Christians and the closings of house churches. The country also adopted a new law countering “reactionary thought” that bars the Bible among “foreign published materials.”


1. Afghanistan
2. North Korea
3. Somalia
4. Libya
5. Yemen
6. Eritrea
7. Nigeria
8. Pakistan
9. Iran
10. India


“They’re the same in North Korea and Afghanistan until you get to violence, and this year the violence has been more dramatic in Afghanistan,” said Open Doors President David Curry of the findings at an online news conference.

Across the globe, Open Doors found that there has been a 24 per cent increase in Christians killed because of their faith, increasing from 4,761 cited in its report last year to 5,898 this year.

Nigeria, for the second year in a row, was named as the country where Christians are subject to the most violence. It was cited for 79 per cent of the recorded killings, or 4,650.

The number of churches attacked worldwide also increased to 5,110 for 2022, compared with 4,488 the previous year.

The watchdog said its findings indicate that more than 360 million Christians across the world - or one in seven members of the Christian faith - are suffering high levels of discrimination and persecution. Curry called Christian women in particular “the most vulnerable group in the world today” in light of their “horrendous treatment” in extremist Islamic societies.

Open Doors has worked for more than six decades to help persecuted Christians in some five dozen countries.

The 2022 World Watch List is based on a reporting period from November, 2020, through to September, 2021.


Other movers on the World Watch List, which ranks the 50 most dangerous countries to be a Christian, include:

• The West African nation of Niger which made the biggest jump, moving up from number 54 last year to number 33 this year;

• Qatar, which rose to 18th from 29th, after the closure of the majority of house churches with Muslim converts under high pressure from the government and society.

• Myanmar, which rose from 18th to 12th with violence against Christians increasing following last year’s military coup. Open Doors says the military fear Christian gatherings could be a focus for opposition and have attacked and killed pastors and helpers in IDP camps while Christian converts face strong pressure from family and community.

• Cuba which has re-entered the list for the first time since 2012 with pressure intensifying on Christians, particularly in the wake of widespread protests in July last year. 


Last year, Open Doors reported that governments and extremists used the COVID-19 pandemic as justification for persecution. For example, in India, the watchdog reported that 80 per cent of Christians in India who received pandemic aid from its partner organisations said they were turned away from other food distribution points because of their faith.

The new report found that China was among the countries where COVID-19 restrictions were used to tighten surveillance and control of worship services and religious minorities.

Curry applauded the Biden administration’s diplomatic boycott of the Winter Olympics that begin in China on 4th February, due to the country’s human rights violations that include the reported imprisonment of more than a million Uyghur Muslims and other minorities.

“I am suggesting that people don’t watch the Olympics, that they don’t participate in whatever way they normally would,” he said. “The communist government wants the attention and the revenue from these Olympics and I think people should just pass, particularly people of faith.”

A number of the countries on Open Doors’ watch list — China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea and Pakistan — are on the State Department’s list of “countries of particular concern,” or CPCs.

Another watchdog, the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, recommended in April that Afghanistan be placed on the State Department’s second-tier “special watch list” but the State Department did not include the predominantly Muslim country when it announced its designations in November.

Curry urged the State Department to return Nigeria to its list of CPCs, saying Open Doors’ “research is irrefutable proof that Nigeria’s human rights violations must be recognised.”